o Royal Chitwan National Park
o Rara National Park
o Annapurna Conservation
o Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
o Khaptad (Baba) National Park
o Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park
Nepal is abundantly rich in wildlife and natural habitats, and these are preserved and protected in National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Game Reserves.
Royal Chitwan National Park is the most popular among the protected natural reserves of Nepal. Other National Parks and Reserves that are worth visiting are Koshi Tappu, Royal Bardia and Royal Sukla Phanta. Koshi Tappu is literally, a bird's paradise. Parsa Wildlife Reserve is famous for its herds of wild elephants.
Nepal is a land of extreme contrasts in climate and geography, It has a unique topography ranging from lowlands with sub-tropical jungles to arctic conditions in the Himalayan highlands. Within a mere 150 kilometres the land rises from near sea level in the south to over 8,000 meters in the North. This, together with the monsoon rainfall along the south facing slopes, has resulted in compacting virtually all climate zones found on planet Earth. As a result, Nepal has been endowed with a great diversity of life-zones providing a home for a large variety of plants, birds and animals.
The Terai lowlands are defined by a belt of well-watered floodplains stretching from the Indian border northward to the first slopes of the Bhabhar and the Siwalik ranges. This is the richest habitat in the land with tall grasslands interspersed with riverine and hardwood sal forest.
Here one can see wildlife such as the swamp deer, musk deer, black buck, blue bull, the royal Bengal tiger, gharial and mugger crocodiles, and the last of a breed of Asiatic wild buffalo. This area is also rich in birdlike with a variety of babbles and orioles, koels and drongos, peacocks and floricans, and a multitude of wintering wildfowl.
There are five protected areas in Nepal-Koshi Tappu and Parsa in the east, Sukla Phanta and Dhorpatan for hunting in the west and Shivapuri in the mid-mountain region.
The Churia, also known as the siwalik, is the southern most range of the Himalayas. No where do they rise above 1,220 meters, This range is famous for fossil deposits of Pleistocene mammals, among them 10 species of elephants, 6 rhinoceros, hippopotamus, sabre-toothed cats, various antelopes and primates such as the orang-utan, long extinct in the subcontinent.
Situated north of the Churia are broad, low valleys of the inner Terai know as the Doons. These valleys are not unlike the outer plains with tall elephant grass, swamps and ox-bow lakes where the last of the one-homed rhinoceros survive.
Royal Chitwan National Park in the Inner Terai of central Nepal is the first and best protected area s in the kingdom. Once one of the most famous big game hunting areas in Asia. Chitwan now offers protection to a large array of mammals such as the. one-horned rhinoceros, tiger, leopard, sloth bear and the gaur (wild bison) as well as more than 400 species of birds.
Higher in the north between 2,000 and 3,500 meters lies the Mahabharat Range with its oak crowned crests. A moist temperate forest of deodar, oak, maple and birch in which are found deer, ghoral serow, leopard and monkey covers the hills of this midland, The gorgeous multicoloured lmpeyan pheasant (Nepal's national bird) is also found here with other endangered birds like the koklas and Cheer Pheasants. Protected areas in this zone include Khapted National Park in the Far-West, Dhorpatan Hunting reserve, Northwest of Pokhara and Shivapuri Wildlife Sanctuary near Kathmandu.
Higher still, nearer the snowline, are the alpine mountain flanks which are the haunt of snow leopard, which preys on blue sheep and the Himalayan tahr. Rarely seen are the wolf, black and brown bears and lynx. The Sherpas, Manabga, and Dolpa-bas are some of those who farm and graze their livestock on the high mountain pastures. Langtang, Sagarmatha (Everest), Shey-Phoksundo and Rara National Parks are the protected high altitude areas of Nepal.
His Majesty's Government of Nepal has set aside more than 13,000 sq.kms of protected areas that include as many bio geographic regions as possible to assure conservation of the maximum numbers of wildlife species. These nature sanctuaries attract wildlife enthusiasts and tourists from the world, over, and each park and reserve has its own attraction.
The heavily forested Terai region lies towards the southern belt of Nepal. The Sub-tropical jungles are teeming with a great variety of rare wildlife and vegetation.
Sitting safely on the back of an elephant, with the highly endangered Bengal Tiger in front of ones eyes is probably for everyone a thrilling experience. Comes as closer as it is on television when you suddenly walk up against a huge impressive rhino or recognize crocodile shims gleaming underneath your wooden carved canoe. Surprising adventures are never to be forgotten, you can experience them in one of our wild safaris.